Learning Real Estate Terms – Roof Types

Would you agree that roof is one of the most important components of the house? You can barely call a building structure "a house" when it has no roof. And of course, every architectural style has its own type and shape. Do you know what type of the roof does your house have?


There are two basic types – flat and sloped roofs.

Flat Roof
Flat Roof
A flat roof is a type of covering for a building and it is exactly what it is called – flat. In contrast to the more sloped form of roof, a flat roof is horizontal or nearly horizontal.
The slope of a roof is properly known as its pitch: Roofs which are nearly flat are known as low-pitch roofs (as the angle of slope increases, so the pitch is said to increase).
Gable Roof
GableGabled Roof
Gabled roofs are the kind young children typically draw. They have two sloping sides that come together at a ridge, creating end walls with a triangular extension, called a gable, at the top.
Cross Gable Roof
Cross gabled roof
A variation of gable roof, well, more complex variation. Two or more gable roofs that cross. A very popular roof type for the modern residential buildings
Saltbox Roof
Saltbox Roof
Similar to gable roof, but the two sides are not symmetrical.

Mansard Roof

mansardMansard Roof
A French version of gable roof. The difference is that the mansard roof has a flat area at the top instead of forming a perfect triangle.
Hip Roof
hipHip Roof
A hip roof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope. Thus it is a house with no gables or other vertical sides to the roof.
Cross Hip Roof
Cross Hipped Roof
Similar to a hip roof, but this roof has two or more parts that cross
Pyramid Hip Roof
Pyramid Roof
A square hip roof is shaped like a pyramid.
Gambrel Roof
GambrelGambrel Roof

A gambrel or gambrel roof is a usually symmetrical two-sided roof with two slopes on each side. The upper slope is positioned at a shallow angle, while the lower slope is steep. This design provides the advantages of a sloped roof while maximizing headroom inside the building's upper level and shortening what would otherwise be a tall roof.

Shed Roof
ShedShed Roof
Sometimes also referred to as Lean-To Roof, Pent Roof or Skillion Roof, Shed Roof is a sloping roof surface, often not attached to another roof. surface.
M-Shaped Roof
M-Shaped Roof
A combination of two gable roofs, looking like letter "M" from the side

The last few types are really speaking for themselves and are not very common in residential construction in Canada

Butterfly Roof
ButterflyButterfly Rof
Also known as Gullwing Roof
Shell Roof
Shell Roof

Bonnet Roof

Bonnet Roof

Arched Roof

Arched Roof

Domed Roof

Moscow_-_Cathedral_of_Christ_the_Saviour - Domed Roof

This is the Moscow Cathedral of Christ the Savior. Domed roofs are very typical for the Orthodox Churches.

More of Real Estate Terms:

Learning Real Estate Terms – Window Types
Architectural Home Styles – Learning Real Estate Terms Part III
Architectural Home Styles – Learning Real Estate Terms Part II
Architectural Home Styles – Learning Real Estate Terms Part One
Types of Homes – Learning Real Estate Terms

Find your perfect home

Your Real Estate Connection:
Marina Gavrylyuk
Real Estate Agent with Sutton Group Summit Realty


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